The U.S Department of Agriculture (USDA) posted the 2020 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee’s final scientific report, an objective review of the latest available science on specific nutrition topics.

The report’s evidence-based findings will inform USDA and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) as they co-develop the 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which will provide recommendations on what to eat and drink to promote health and prevent chronic disease.

The Committee’s report determined that the U.S. population one year of age and older did not meet recommended intakes of vitamins A, C, D, E, and K, calcium, dietary fiber, potassium, magnesium, and choline.

In addition, USDA Food Patterns do not meet nutrient adequacy goals for iron, vitamin D, vitamin E, and choline. Vitamin D is considered a nutrient of public health concern for the entire population, but so few food sources are available, therefore USDA Food Patterns do provide recommended amounts of vitamin D. 


“Science-based dietary guidance is critical to ensuring a healthy future for America,” said USDA Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services Deputy Under Secretary Brandon Lipps. “USDA greatly appreciates the high-quality work done by this committee comprised of our nation’s leading scientists and dietary experts. We look forward to thoroughly reviewing the report and leveraging their scientific advice as we partner with HHS to develop the next edition of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.”

The USDA Food Patterns were developed to help individuals carry out Dietary Guidelines recommendations. They identify daily amounts of foods, in nutrient-dense forms, to eat from five major food groups and their subgroups. The patterns also include an allowance for oils and a limit on the maximum number of calories available for other uses, such as added sugars, solid fats, added refined starches, or alcohol. Three USDA Food Patterns have been developed to allow for flexibility in how Dietary Guidelines recommendations can be met: the Healthy U.S.-Style Pattern, the Healthy Vegetarian Pattern, and the Healthy Mediterranean-Style Pattern.

Download the U.S.D.A. 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines here.

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